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The Martinsburg Roundhouse Center
HomeAbout MRCInformation CalendarMRC StoreContact UsLinks About Us Executive Committee History of the Roundhouse The presence of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company in Martinsburg, West Virginia dates back to the late 1840’s when the first engine and machine shops were erected for the expanding company. When Virginia seceded from the Union in 1861, the regions social and government institutions were thrown in turmoil. The Civil War decimated both the region and Martinsburg, specifically because of the railroad yards. On May 22 , 1861, Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson’s troops stopped all trains going East at Martinsburg and Point of Rocks. Once he determined that all of the trains that could be caught were in his trap, he blew up the bridges to the West and blew down the rocks on the tracks to the East, and pirating of the B&O equipment began. In total, 42 locomotives and 386 cars were stolen and destroyed. 36 and ½ miles of track, 17 bridge, 102 miles of telegraph wire, the “Colonnade” Bridge and the B&O roundhouse and machine shops were destroyed. Following the war in 1866, the B&O began reconstruction of the roundhouse and associated shops that stand on the site today, which were completed in a span of six years, from 1866 to 1872. The facilities were used until the mid-1980's when all local operations were transferred to other locations and the complex remained vacant until restoration began in 1999. February 28, 18 27– The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad is founded. May 21, 18 42 –The first steam engine arrives in Martinsburg. November 10, 18 42– The first passenger train arrives in Martinsburg. Years 1848-1850 First Roundhouse Complex built at Martinsburg. October 19, 18 62–Roundhouse Complex burned by Confederate Troops under Colonel Jackson. Years 1866-1872 Present Roundhouse Complex is re-built. Major buildings consisted of the West Roundhouse, East Roundhouse, Bridge & Machine Shop, and the Frog & Switch Shop. July 16, 18 77– First nationwide strike begins when rail workers at Martinsburg start an action to protest pay cuts. Their work and traffic stoppage soon spread across the country. March 14, 1988 –Facility closed down operations. May 14, 1990 –Young vandals set fire to wooden pallets in East Roundhouse (later of the two) nearly totally destroying the building. Years 1999-2000– Berkeley County Commission purchase B &O Roundhouse Complex and transfers property to newly created Berkeley County Roundhouse Authority. Restoration and renovation of complex begins. July 30, 2003 – B & O Roundhouse is designated a National Historic Landmark.

Phone: 304-260-4141
Address: P.O. Box 3084
City: Eastern Panhandle~
State: WV
Zip: 25402
Region: Easter Panhandle
Url: http://www.martinsburgroundhouse.com

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31 Triple Crown Court
North Poromac, MD 20878
Office: 301 948-7497